The Belarusian Railway is a leading and one of the most important transport system of the republic, which transports up to 70% of all cargoes carried by the national public transport.
An integrated and well-coordinated structure of the Belarusian Railway enables it to develop and implement new solutions and cutting-edge technologies, to ensure safe and trouble-free operation and to perform effectively in the market.
Major republican enterprises such as RUPE Granit, JSC Belaruskali, JSC Grodno Azot, OJSC “BSW – management company “BMC holding, OJSC MAZ, OJSC BELAZ, OJSC MTZ, OJSC Gomselmash, oil refineries, sugar refineries, cement works, etc. transport their cargoes by the Belarusian Railway both within the territory of the country and abroad.
The Belarusian Railway carries out marketing research and conducts polls with a view to learn and timely meet the needs of cargo owners and customers. A conference devoted to an improvement of transportation services was held resulting at the establishment of the first Transportation service center at Baranavičy Centraĺnyja station. Its main activities will be to attract new customers and enhance cargo transportation volumes by working as one-stop shop, improving the transportation services and providing a full package of cargo delivery services.
The Belarusian Railway links Asian countries, having 1520 track gauge, with the European 1435 mm-track gauge railways in the East – West and North – South directions.
Two transport corridors cross the territory of our republic, i.e.
the 2nd All-European transport corridor, which connects the EU countries with China and Asia Pacific Region via Transsib and Kazakhstan; and
the 9th All-European transport corridor, which connects the Baltic states with the Black Sea Region and runs to the Mediterranean and Middle East states.
The 2nd Transport corridor running on the territory of the republic is electrified. The electrification of the Belarusian part of branch B of the 9th Transport corridor will be completed in 2015. The electrification will ensure higher speeds, lower operational costs and lower environmental impact. The 2nd All-European transport corridor is an important way of cargo transportation to the EU continental states. The transportation of cargoes via the 9th All-European transport corridor between the Baltic Sean and the Black Sea states also seems promising.
One of the key goals of the Belarusian Railway is to make transit services more attractive to customers. To achieve the goal it provides direct fast container trains and implements new projects.
Today about 26 container trains are in a regular operation on the Belarusian Railway, and the number is growing.
The development of cargo transportation by fast container trains is one of the priorities of the Belarusian Railway, in particular, and a global trend, in general. The railway infrastructure of the Republic of Belarus may be used effectively, and serve as a link between the East and the West within a single Eurasian transport area, if volumes of cargo transportation by container trains grows worldwide. Container transportation ensures high-quality logistics services, safety, prompt and cost-effective delivery.
The Belarusian Railway in association with its Lithuanian and Polish partners implements a new type of multimodal international transportation – piggyback transportation. The main advantages of piggy-back transportation are a fast border crossing and a prompt customs treatment of vehicles.
The Belarusian Railway keeps up with the development of a terminal and warehouse infrastructure. It opens major cargo distribution centers, which also serve as warehouses and transshipment areas, and provide customs and auxiliary services. Thus, the customers are offered new and full-package services.
Kaliadzičy freight station is the largest center for hauling of bulk and heavy cargoes. The cargoes are handled, transshipped and transferred by trains and vehicles to the regions of Belarus, the CIS and Baltic states, and far abroad. The terminal operates as a dry port. Its infrastructure includes warehouses, auxiliary facilities, road and railway siding facilities, and open container yards. Such intermodal terminals facilitate and fast-track cargo transportation for the operators located far from sea ports and improves the operation of the transport and logistics infrastructure in general.
Special high-performance equipment is used for loading and handling of cargoes.
To increase the traffic volume, the Belarusian Railway stays current with the changing transport market, improves the schemes for the transportation of major foreign cargoes and reviews the freight rates. Besides, it coordinates its rate policy with the railway authorities of the neighboring countries and stevedoring companies.
One of the key activities of the Belarusian Railway is the transit of coal, oil, ferrous metals, fertilizers, grain, etc. Cargoes are mainly transited via Belarus from Russia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland and the Ukraine. A number of transit routes were set on the territory of Belarus during the last decade. The foreign cargoes from Russia and Kazakhstan are transferred on these routes to the Baltic Sea ports (Kaliningrad, Riga, Ventspils and Klaipeda).
Brestgruztranslogistic enterprise and Baranovichi freight center of transport logistics were established to develop the transportation and logistics activities and to attract the operators, which transport cargoes on the East-West-East route via Brest border crossing and the border crossings in Grodno Region. Moreover, with a view to increase the transit traffic volume, the Belarusian Railway develops competitive transport and logistics schemes, improves train composition plans and develops transit routes, which run on the territory of Belarus. Among the advantages of such logistic schemes are lower transportation costs and shorter delivery time resulting in a lower transport costs in a final price for a customer’s product and its more effective commercial and economic activity.
The State Customs Committee of the Republic of Belarus in association with the Belarusian Railway implemented a simplified customs clearance procedure for the railway cargoes. The customs clearance is performed using the up-to-date information technologies, including the digital signature technology. As a result, cargoes are customs cleared faster, paper work is optimized, cargo movement is better controlled and uninterrupted.
The Belarusian Railway aims at the automation of cargo processing and commercial activities by implementing the Electronic Transportation System based on the digital signature technology. The regulations required to arrange cargo transportation under electronic documents have been already prepared.
Electronic SMGS for the cargoes transported from Russia to Belarus and vice versa are in test use in accordance with the relevant bilateral agreements. The Belarusian Railway also made agreements with the railway authorities of Lithuania and the Ukraine. Now the parties are modifying and adjusting relevant information and telecommunication means and tools.
Empty rolling stocks move on the territory of Belarus under electronic shipping documents. Moreover, some consignors transport cargoes under electronic shipping documents. Consignors and consignees tend to use legal electronic documents in their commercial activities, involving the Belarusian Railway.
The Belarusian Railway provides a wide range of cargo transportation services to its customers:
- safety of goods;
- due delivery;
- day-to-day information support;
- customs clearance and declaration;
- loading , handling and weighing of cargoes at railway stations;
- long-term storage of cargo at open sites and in customs warehouses;